Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

Alcohol related violence​ in Sydney

Background: On the 24th of February 2014 the NSW Government imposed new restrictions (contained in the Liquor Amendment Act, 2014). These restrictions included:

  1. 1.30am lockouts at hotels, registered clubs, nightclubs and karaoke bars in two designated areas, known respectively as the Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct and Kings Cross Precinct;
  2. 3.00am cessation of alcohol service in venues in these Precincts;
  3. A freeze on new liquor licences and approvals for existing licences across the Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct and continuation of the existing freeze in the Kings Cross Precinct

1. Current trends

The graph below shows the monthly number of non-domestic assaults recorded by the NSW Police Force in the Sydney CBD and Kings Cross Precincts, as well as the suburbs of Newtown and Pyrmont, since January 2009.

 

2. BOCSAR research findings

A forthcoming BOCSAR report examines the monthly count of non-domestic assaults recorded by the NSW Police since January 2009 to June 2015: a total of 78 months (62 months prior to lockout intervention and 16 months post the lockout intervention). The table below shows the overall reduction in the monthly number of assaults in the two target areas, the Sydney CBD and Kings Cross precincts, together with the proximal and distal displacement areas and the rest of NSW.

​Areas

Reduction in non-domestic assault since Jan 2014
​Kings Cross Precinct​-45.1%
​Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct​-20.3%
​Proximal displacement area*​Stable
​Distal displacement area**​Stable
​Rest of NSW​-1.4%

 * Includes parts of the following suburbs: Pyrmont (including the Star City Casino) , Ultimo, Chippendale, Haymarket, Surry Hills, Elizabeth Bay, Rushcutters Bay and Darlinghurst.

** Includes Bondi Beach, Coogee, Double Bay and Newtown.

 

The second table below shows the reduction in the monthly number of assaults occurring during the week at three different times of the day: between 6pm and 1:29am, 1:30am and 2:59am and 3am and 6am.

​Areas

Reduction between 6pm-1:29amReduction between 1:30am-2:59amReduction between 3am - 6am
​Kings Cross Precinct59.2%​Stable​93.9%
​Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct​Stable

​47.3%

​57.1%
​Proximal displacement area*​Stable​Stable​Stable
​Distal displacement area**​Stable​Stable​Stable

 

The third table below shows the reduction in the monthly number of assaults during weekends at three different times of the day: between 6pm and 1:29am, 1:30am and 2:59am and 3am and 6am.

Areas

Reduction between 6pm-1:29amReduction between 1:30am-2:59amReduction between 3am - 6am
​Kings Cross Precinct54.2%​70.2%​75.5%
​Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct​Stable

​30.7%

​41.5%
​Proximal displacement area*​Stable​Stable​Stable
​Distal displacement area**​Stable​Stable​Stable

 

A copy of the full report "The effect of liquor licensing restrictions on assault: a quasi-experimental study in Sydney, Australia" can be found in Addiction, DOI 10.1111. 

 

3. Map

The map below shows the two target areas, the Sydney CBD and Kings Cross precincts, together with the proximal and distal displacement areas. The distal displacement area is the aggregate of Bondi Beach, Coogee, Double Bay and Newtown.